the principality of sealand

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The Principality of Sealand, standing on two massive pillars in the roiling waters of the North Sea, was declared a sovereign nation by Michael’s father, Roy Bates, in 1967. During its life, Sealand saw pirate radios, attacks, diplomatic problems and more. [59], In August 2018 competitive swimmer Richard Royal became the first person to swim the 12 km (7.5 mi) from Sealand to the mainland, finishing in 3 hrs 29 mins. Michael was able to retake Sealand and capture Achenbach and the mercenaries using weapons stashed on the platform. [16], In 2015, Michael Bates asserted that Sealand's population is "normally like two people". Sealand has been an independent sovereign State since 1967. Photo from the BBC. The Principality of Sealand, or simply Sealand, is a micronation established on HM Fort Roughs, a former Maunsell Sea Fort located in the North Sea 7 miles (13 kilometers) off the coast of Suffolk, England, United Kingdom. See shop, Sealand was founded as a sovereign Principality in 1967 in international waters, seven miles off the eastern shores of Britain. In 1943, during World War II, HM Fort Roughs (sometimes called Roughs Tower) was constructed by the United Kingdom as one of the Maunsell Forts,[3] primarily to defend the vital shipping lanes in nearby estuaries against Nazi Kriegsmarine mine-laying aircraft. [17], On the afternoon of 23 June 2006, the top platform of the Roughs Tower caught fire due to an electrical fault. [30], Michael Bates stated in late 2016 that Sealand was receiving hundreds of applications for passports every day. Sealand is occupied by the family members and associates of a retired British Army major Paddy Roy Bates, who styled himself as “His Royal Highness Prince Roy of Sealand”. It consists of a preamble and seven articles. Sealand was founded as a sovereign Principality in 1967 in international waters, seven miles off the eastern shores of Britain. Ryan Lackey, Haven's co-founder and a key participant in the country, left HavenCo under acrimonious circumstances in 2002, citing disagreements with the Bates family over management of the company. [15] The ringleaders of the operation, based in Madrid but with ties to various groups in Germany, including the rebel Sealand Government in exile established by Achenbach after the attempted 1978 coup, had used fake Sealandic diplomatic immunity and license plates. As Bates was a British subject at the time, he was summoned to court in England on firearms charges following the incident. The HavenCo website went offline in 2008. [9], In 1975, Bates introduced a constitution for Sealand, followed by a national flag, a national anthem, a currency and passports. The only question is who or then want to acknowledge this new identity. It consisted of a floating pontoon base with a superstructure of two hollow towers joined by a deck upon which other structures could be added. His argument for such recognition extends beyond Sealand¿s future. Sealand is an island in the southern part of the North Sea, Latitude 51-53 North, Longitude 01-28 East. The fort was towed to a position above the Rough Sands sandbar, where its base was deliberately flooded to sink it on its final resting place. @BLDSAswimpic.twitter.com/tJGdAbEhfu", "Arise Sir Richard: Sealand swimmer knighted", "My Platform, My State: the Principality of Sealand in International Law", "License Plates of Sealand (Great Britain)", "Has 'haven' for questionable sites sunk? Once the Principality of Sealand also issued passports. [47], Sealand claims that its first official athlete was Darren Blackburn of Oakville, Ontario, Canada, who was appointed in 2003. Roughs Tower is a Maunsell Sea Fort that was built by the British during World War II. Sealand now sits in waters internationally recognised as British. They came 11th at UK nationals in 2010. Constitution of the Principality of Sealand. Currently, Sealand is not officially recognized by any established sovereign state. Andrew H. E. Lyon argues for the recognition of the Principality of Sealand as a nation proper. [38][non-primary source needed][conflicted source] The preamble asserts Sealand's independence, while the articles variously deal with Sealand's status as a constitutional monarchy, the empowerment of government bureaux, the role of an appointed, advisory senate, the functions of an appointed, advisory legal tribunal, a proscription against the bearing of arms except by members of a designated "Sealand Guard", the exclusive right of the sovereign to formulate foreign policy and alter the constitution, and the hereditary patrilinear succession of the monarchy. [10][conflicted source], In 1987, the UK extended its territorial waters from 3 to 12 nautical miles (6 to 22 km). The locatio… The Principality of Sealand is a micronation located on an abandoned World War II fort, in the North Sea 10 km off the coast of Suffolk in England. [56], On 22 May 2013, the mountaineer Kenton Cool placed a Sealand flag at the summit of Mount Everest. Despite being just a sea fort, he thinks of himself as a legitimate country. [31], While Sealand has been described as the world's smallest country,[32][33] Sealand is not officially recognised by any established sovereign state in spite of Sealand's government's claim that it has been de facto recognised by the United Kingdom[10][non-primary source needed][conflicted source] and Germany. Sealand's legal system is claimed to follow British common law, and statutes take the form of decrees enacted by the sovereign. It comprised a floating pontoon base with a superstructure of two hollow towers joined by a deck upon which other structures could be added. Paddy Roy Bates passed away in 2012, at which point his son, Michael, became Prince of Sealand. In micro-nation terms, the smallest and perhaps most well-known is the Principality of Sealand. A military fort in international waters (not any more) becomes the home (?) Sealand was invaded by mercenaries in 1978, but was able to repel the attack. They create a principality, and so, Sealand is born. In 2000, the Principality of Sealand came into the news because a company called HavenCo Ltd planned on operating a complex of Internet servers at Sealand, out of the reach of governmental control. Menefee, Samuel Pyeatt. [61][non-primary source needed] Royal was subsequently awarded a Sealand Knighthood by Prince Michael.[62]. [6] Despite having the necessary equipment, he never began broadcasting. Bates seized Roughs Tower from a group of pirate radio broadcasters in 1967 with the intention of setting up his own station there. Located in international waters, on the military fortress of Roughs Tower, Sealand is the smallest country in the world. There is only room for 300 people on it. Sealand, or the Principality of Sealand, is a micronation located in the North Sea about 7.5 miles from Suffolk, England. Even though a man named Michael Bates says Sealand is a country, no other country has supported this claim. Sealand is a structure called Roughs Tower it was built in the sea by the British Royal Navy, and later became Sealand. [49] Also in 2007, Michael Martelle represented the Principality of Sealand in the World Cup of Kung Fu, held in Quebec City, Canada; bearing the designation of Athleta Principalitas Bellatorius (Principal Martial Arts Athlete and Champion), Martelle won two silver medals, becoming the first-ever Sealand athlete to appear on a world championship podium. 7: Qatar – Syria. You can now only obtain identity cards. The history of Sealand is a story of a struggle for liberty. [19], In January 2007, The Pirate Bay, an online index of digital content of entertainment media and software founded by the Swedish think tank Piratbyrån, attempted to purchase Sealand after harsher copyright measures in Sweden forced them to look for a base of operations elsewhere. This page was last edited on 17 January 2021, at 11:09. Template:Pp-blp Kids Template:Use British English Template:Infobox country The Principality of Sealand is a micronation that claims Roughs Tower, an offshore platform located in the North Sea approximately Template:Convert off the coast of Suffolk, England, as its territory. They were even reported to have sold 4,000 fake Sealandic passports to Hong Kong citizens for an estimated $1,000 each. Coins and postage stamps of the Sealand dollar, United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, "Information on the Principality of Sealand including Bates Family, GDP, Constitution", "Sealand: A peculiar 'nation' off England's coast", https://www.heritagedaily.com/2020/05/the-maunsell-sea-forts/122564, "Radio: British Commercial Broadcasters Are at Sea; Illegal Programs Are Beamed From Ships", "Radio Essex" and "Britains Better Music Station", "Regina v. Paddy Roy Bates and Michael Roy Bates", "WELCOME TO SEALAND: The utterly bizarre independent micronation that's been sitting off the British coast for over 50 years", "Money Laundering: Global fraudsters use sea fortress as passport to", https://www.bbc.com/future/article/20150414-i-rule-my-own-ocean-micronation, "Technology: How The Pirate Bay sailed into infamy", "Self-declared prince of sovereign principality of Sealand dies aged 91", "Roy Bates, Bigger-Than-Life Founder of a Micronation, Dies at 91", "RIP Paddy Roy Bates, the Prince of Sealand", "Sealand's Prince Michael on the future of an off-shore 'outpost of liberty, "Tiny principality of Sealand swamped by passport applications after Brexit and Trump wins", "Skateboarding the World's Smallest Country: Red Bull All Access", "JOURNEYS – THE SPIRIT OF DISCOVERY: Simon Sellars braves wind and waves to visit the unlikely North Sea nation of Sealand", "The Pint-Size Nation off the English Coast", "Article 60: Artificial islands, installations and structures in the exclusive economic zone", "The Principality of Sealand – Become a Lord, Lady, Baron or Baroness", "The Principality of Sealand statutory notices", Council of the European Union – Schengen Visa Working Party – Table of travel documents, "Stop signs on the web; The battle between freedom and regulation on the Internet", "Death of a data haven: cypherpunks, WikiLeaks, and the world's smallest nation", "The World's Most Notorious Micronation Has the Secret to Protecting Your Data From the NSA", "Homepage of the Sealand National Football Team", "IBWM Fantasy football micronation style", "Principality Notice PN 025/04: International Sporting Activities update", "Bill 50: Electric Statutes Amendment Act, 2009", "Skateboarder erobern Seefestung vor der englischen Küste", "Principality of Sealand to have National Football Team", "Ralf Little gets an international cap for Sealand", "The bizarre history of Sealand, the independent micronation on a platform off the English coast", "How I ran a half marathon on Sealand, the fortress 'nation' in the middle of the sea", "My certificate has arrived from the World Open Water Swimming Association recognising my @SealandGov @AspireCharity swim. [55], In 2009 and 2010, Sealand sent teams to play in various ultimate club tournaments in the United Kingdom, Ireland and the Netherlands. [14] The United Kingdom is one of 165 parties to the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (in force since 1994), which states in Part V, Article 60, that "Artificial islands, installations and structures do not possess the status of islands. The History Guy remembers the forgotten history of the Principality of Sealand, a micronation that deserves to be remembered. He often questions why others are afraid to recognize him. The Principality of Sealand was founded in 1967 and founded as a sovereign state. Sealand is a self-claimed country in the North Sea approximately 12 km from the coast of Suffolk. It has been occupied and claimed as a sovereign state by the family and associates of Paddy Roy Bates since 1967. The Principality of Sealand is a micronation that claims HM Fort Roughs (also known as Roughs Tower), an offshore platform in the North Sea approximately 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) off the coast of Suffolk, as its territory. Sealand. EXCLUSIVE: Prince Michael of Sealand, ruler of an abandoned WWII fort six miles off East Anglia, is planning to reclaim land from the … They have no territorial sea of their own, and their presence does not affect the delimitation of the territorial sea, the exclusive economic zone or the continental shelf. Roy Bates relented after several weeks of negotiations and subsequently claimed that the diplomat's visit constituted de facto recognition of Sealand by Germany. Jump to navigation Jump to search. It will go nicely in a frame next to my Knighthood . "Republics of the Reefs: Nation-Building on the Continental Shelf and in the World's Oceans". Other official Sealand products are also available for sale on this website. The Sovereign of the Principality of Sealand H. H. Prince Roy of Sealand has proclaimed in 1975 a fundamental law to his state. Literally. Located in international waters and technically outside of the control of Britain, or any other nation, the country straddles a line between eccentric experiment and legal entity of uncertain definition. [10][conflicted source] This was due to the realisation that an international money laundering ring had appeared, using the sale of fake Sealand passports to finance drug trafficking and money laundering from Russia and Iraq. Informations about the Amber Room, the Treasure of the German Reichspost and other missing cultural goods from World War2. The Principality of Sealand is a textbook example. Yet the story of the Principality of Sealand is a patently romantic one. In a 1990 court case (and a 1991 appeal) in the United States regarding registering ships in Sealand as a flag of convenience, the court ruled against allowing Sealand flagged vessels; the case was never contested by Bates. English: Sealand, a micronation established on Roughs Tower, a platform in the North Sea off the coast of England Subcategories This category has the following 4 subcategories, out of 4 total. The story of Sealand is super interesting. and was held unless he paid DM 75,000 (more than US$35,000 or £23,000). This is approximately 7 nautical miles (13 km) from the coast of Suffolk, outside the then 3 nmi (6 km) claim of the United Kingdom and, therefore, in international waters. The Principality of Sealand is a micronation that claims HM Fort Roughs as its territory. Principality of Sealand Located in international waters, on the military fortress of Roughs Tower, Sealand is the smallest country in the world. [3] The Maunsell Forts were decommissioned in the 1950s.[4]. The Principality of Sealand is a micronation 12 km or 7miles off the coast of England. Besides the flag, the Principality of Sealand looks like many other countries in some respects. Sealand is now in British territorial waters. On 2 September 1967, the fort was occupied by Major Paddy Roy Bates, a British subject and pirate radio broadcaster, who ejected a competing group of pirate broadcasters. A Royal Air Force rescue helicopter transferred one person to Ipswich hospital, directly from the tower. Blackburn has represented Sealand at a number of local sporting events, including marathons and off-trail races. Sealand has a national anthem, which was even recorded by the Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra. Sealand upholds its own constitution, composed of a preamble and seven articles. Versions of Constitution of the Principality of Sealand by Paddy Roy Bates. Achenbach had disagreed with Bates over plans to turn Sealand into a luxury hotel and casino with fellow German and Dutch businessmen. The Harwich lifeboat stood by the Roughs Tower until a local fire tug extinguished the fire. [11][34] The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, in force since 1994, states: "Artificial islands, installations and structures do not possess the status of islands. [8] But as the court ruled that the platform (which Bates was now calling "Sealand") was outside British territorial limits, being beyond the then 3-nautical-mile (6 km) limit of the country's waters, the case could not proceed. It's a classic case of the underdog kicking against authority and winning; a heartwarming narrative of battling the odds that's grounded in good old- fashioned British eccentricity. Read more. [5] Bates intended to broadcast his pirate radio station – called Radio Essex – from the platform. Open any book or Web page on micronations, and you’re likely to see its unmistakable silhouette: a two-legged marine platform. Since 1967, the decommissioned Roughs Tower has been occupied and claimed as a sovereign state by the family and associates of Paddy Roy Bates. Sealand has a constitution that was instituted in 1974 with a preamble and seven articles. Roughs Tower was occupied in February and August 1965 by Jack Moore and his daughter Jane, squatting on behalf of the pirate station Wonderful Radio London. [7] Bates declared the independence of Roughs Tower and deemed it the Principality of Sealand. We discussed the legal status of the country, and his plans for the future of it. The Principality of Sealand July 23, 2010 Dan Lewis Uncategorized 0 During World War II, the English Channel and North Sea were, understandably, thoroughfares of war. Sealand is an island in the southern part of the North Sea, Latitude 51-53 North, Longitude 01-28 East. [36][non-primary source needed][conflicted source] In this role, he apparently serves as Sealand's acting "Head of State" and also its "Head of Government". [18] All damage was repaired by November 2006. ", Micronations: The Lonely Planet Guide to Home-Made Nations, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Principality_of_Sealand&oldid=1000923396, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from September 2020, Pages using infobox country or infobox former country with the symbol caption or type parameters, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from November 2020, Articles with minor POV problems from November 2020, Articles lacking reliable references from November 2020, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Conroy, Matthew. [10][non-primary source needed][conflicted source], In August 1978, Alexander Achenbach, who describes himself as the Prime Minister of Sealand, hired several German and Dutch mercenaries to lead an attack on Sealand while Bates and his wife were in England. Show your support for Sealand independence for the years to come, by registering for a Noble Title and becoming a Lord or a Lady. HavenCo gave the Bates family $250,000 and stock to lease Rough's Tower with the option of purchasing Sealand in the future. Sealand is one of the first, arguably one of the most successful, and possibly the best-known example of modern micronationalism. [21][23][24], Roy Bates died at the age of 91 on 9 October 2012; he had been suffering from Alzheimer's disease for several years. Irrespective of its legal status, Sealand is managed by the Bates family as if it were a recognised sovereign entity and they are its hereditary royal rulers. However, Sealand claims to have official national athletes, including non-Sealanders. The country‘s national motto is E Mare, Libertas (From the Sea, Freedom), reflecting its enduring struggle for liberty through the years. Roughs Tower is a disused Maunsell Sea Fort, originally called HM Fort Roughs, built as an anti … The country‘s national motto is E Mare, Libertas (From the Sea, Freedom), reflecting its enduring struggle for liberty through the years. © Copyright 2012 - 2021 Principality of Sealand. [20] Between 2007 and 2010, Sealand was offered for sale through the Spanish estate company InmoNaranja,[21][22] at an asking price of €750 million (£600 million, US$906 million). [50], In 2008, Sealand hosted a skateboarding event with Church and East sponsored by Red Bull. Since 1967, the decommissioned Roughs Tower has been occupied and claimed as a sovereign state by the family and associates of Paddy Roy Bates. [43][44], In 2000, worldwide publicity was created about Sealand following the establishment of a new entity called HavenCo, a data haven, which effectively took control of Roughs Tower itself. source. The Principality of Sealand (/ˈsiːˌlænd/) is a micronation that claims HM Fort Roughs (also known as Roughs Tower), an offshore platform in the North Sea approximately 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) off the coast of Suffolk, as its territory. Their son is known as "His Royal Highness Prince Michael" and has been referred to as the "Prince regent" by the Bates family since 1999. Sealand has been involved in several commercial operations, including the issuing of coins and postage stamps and the establishment of an offshore Internet hosting facility, or "data haven". He is also kind of brave, as he fended off the attack on him made by Achenbach, and is willing to do the same to other invaders. The Bates family governs the small state as hereditary royal rulers, each member with his, or her, own royal title. Following this, Sealand issued passports to its nationals, minted official currency and commissioned its own stamps. [37], At a micronations conference hosted by the University of Sunderland in 2004, Sealand was represented by Michael Bates's son James. [25][26][27] Michael Bates lives in Suffolk,[28] where he and his sons run a family fishing business called Fruits of the Sea. It is truly a unique story, worth knowing. Slapper, Gary. The Principality of Sealand was founded in 1967 and founded as a sovereign state. The Principality of Sealand is a very isolated nation and generally does not issue tourist visas. In 2004 the national team played its first international game against Åland Islands national football team, drawing 2–2. Versions of Constitution of the Principality of Sealand … Bates seized Roughs Tower f… "[35], Sealand's claim to be an independent sovereign state is based on an interpretation of a 1968 decision of an English court, in which it was held that Roughs Tower was in international waters and thus outside the jurisdiction of the domestic courts. Roughs Tower is a Maunsell Sea Fort that was built by the British during World War II. [51][52][53], In 2009, Sealand announced the revival of the Sealand Football Association and their intention to compete in a future Viva World Cup. All rights reserved. [3] The facility was occupied by 150–300 Royal Navy personnel throughout World War II; the last full-time personnel left in 1956. Roy Bates styled himself as "Prince Roy" and his wife "Princess Joan". Complaints disfavoring Sealand¿s statehood claims … Located in international waters and technically outside of the control of Britain, or any other nation, the country straddles a line between eccentric experiment and legal entity of uncertain definition. [41] Sealand's motto is E Mare Libertas (From the Sea, Freedom). [54] Sealand played the second game in their history against Chagos Islands on 5 May 2012, losing 3–1. "[35] In the opinion of law academic John Gibson, there is little chance that Sealand would be recognised as a nation because it is a man-made structure.[14]. The team included actor Ralf Little and former Bolton Wanderers defender Simon Charlton. The anthem was composed by Londoner Basil Simonenko;[42] being an instrumental anthem, it does not have lyrics. In 2005, the anthem was recorded by the Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra and released on their CD National Anthems of the World, Vol. related portals: Constitutional documents. Michael Bates (son of Paddy Roy Bates) tried to scare the workmen off by firing warning shots from the former fort. The country was deemed a principality. [36], Sealand's constitution was instituted in 1974. Achenbach, a German lawyer who held a Sealand passport, was charged with treason against Sealand[11][unreliable source?] The Principality of Sealand is a micronation that claims HM Fort Roughs (also known as Roughs Tower), an offshore platform in the North Sea approximately 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) off the coast of Suffolk, as its territory. The Principality of Sealand correctly presented. The international legal community¿s acceptance of the changing world and the necessity of flexible ideologies should grow alongside our changing planet. He is also quite annoying, with his "I'm relevant" and "Recognize me" stuff, and it's often harassed by the UK because they want it back as Sealand's in t… Sealand has issued passports, currency, and stamps. "How a law-less 'data haven' is using law to protect itself". It is very small. It allows you to create your own identity. It administers the Sealand national football team. Located 12km east of Suffolk in the North Sea, the Principality of Sealand is a micronation that claims to be the world’s smallest country. He was succeeded by his son Michael as regent of Sealand. The Government is not responsible for external links and Forum activity.​. These athletes take part in various sports, such as curling, mini-golf, football, fencing, ultimate, table football and athletics, although all its teams compete out of the country. Upon the declaration of independence, the founding Bates family raised the Sealand flag, pledging freedom and justice to all that lived under it. Royal visited the platform before the swim, getting his passport stamped. [11][unreliable source?] The Principality of Sealand (not to be confused with SeaWorld, who ignores our annexation requests) is a glorious country off the coast of England that is loved by many, and feared by all; at least it would be if not for the fact that no other nation recognises its … [11] In 1987, the United Kingdom extended its territorial waters to 12 nautical miles. [46] The Sealand National Football Association is an associate member of the Nouvelle Fédération-Board, a football sanctioning body for non-recognised states and states not members of FIFA. [45], Sealand is not recognised by any major international sporting body, and its population is insufficient to maintain a team composed entirely of Sealanders in any team sport. Sealand was invaded by mercenaries in 1978, but was able to repel the attack. [12] They stormed the platform with speedboats, Jet Skis and helicopters, and took Bates's son Michael hostage. The Sovereign of the Principality of Sealand H. H. Prince Roy of Sealand has proclaimed in 1975 a fundamental law to his state. The Principality of Sealand, standing on two massive pillars in the roiling waters of the North Sea, was declared a sovereign nation by Michael’s father, Roy Bates, in 1967. [48][non-primary source needed][conflicted source] In 2004, mountaineer Slader Oviatt carried the Sealandic flag to the top of Muztagh Ata.

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